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3 Types of Fish Habitat Restoration Efforts Improving Water

When it comes to fishing conservation, catch-and-release isn't enough.  Responsible fishing includes catch and release, but it's best combined with stream and environmental restoration.  Sometimes fish habitat restoration isn't enough and fish rearing is required.  Here are 3 groups that work on fish habit restoration to provide anglers with better angling opportunities.

1. Lake Restoration

Restoring habitat in lakes is a key element of B.A.S.S. Nation clubs (www.bassmaster.com).  This year, the Bass Angling Southern Style Fishing Club worked with the NC Wildlife Resources Commission to place fish attractors in Sutton Lake near Jacksonville, NC.  After conducting a sonar survey of the attractor sites, biologists determined improvements were important to provide bass with proper cover.  In a lake restoration effort, a dozen Mossback Trophy Tree attractors were added to targeted areas in the lake.  Largemouth bass use these areas for protection from predators and are part of the process used to cultivate larger fish populations.

2. Stream Restoration

Stream habitat restoration has been a cornerstone of Trout Unlimited's efforts since the organization was founded (www.tu.org).  TU's overarching goal is to create healthy streams and rivers that support strong fish populations.  Restoring brook trout to West Virginia's Potomac Headwaters required reconnecting 7 miles of headwater springs, restoring 3 miles of habitat using rocks and logs to create pools, runs and to stabilize banks, and to protect 100 acres of habitat through fencing, planting and securing conservation easements.  Over 350 volunteers were involved in this fish habitat restoration effort.

3. Species Restoration

Stocking fish following environmental restoration is ideal.  In the case of the Atlantic salmon which is on the Endangered Species List, a different approach is needed.  The Peter Gray Parr Project (www.wildatlanticsalmon.org) uses scientifically-proven methods developed by the late Peter Gray.  The parr are raised in a stream-side hatchery that flows water from the river in which they were born.  Water velocities are increased to condition the fish for survival, and they are stocked in the fall when their metabolism slows and they don't need to look for food.  More parr survive and migrate to sea where they have a chance to return to spawn.  And there is much more work to be done to get the Atlantic salmon off of the endangered species list.

Fish habitat restoration represents conservation at its most important level.  Get involved where you can and help make a difference.


Tom Keer

Tom Keer

Tom Keer is an award-winning writer who lives on Cape Cod, Massachusetts.  He is a columnist for the Upland Almanac, a Contributing Writer for Covey Rise magazine, a Contributing Editor for both Fly Rod and Reel and Fly Fish America, and a blogger for the Recreational Boating and Fishing Foundation’s Take Me Fishing program.  Keer writes regularly for over a dozen outdoor magazines on topics related to fishing, hunting, boating, and other outdoor pursuits.  When they are not fishing, Keer and his family hunt upland birds over their three English setters.  His first book, a Fly Fishers Guide to the New England Coast was released in January 2011.  Visit him at www.tomkeer.com or at www.thekeergroup.com.