The first step in learning how to fish is learning how to cast. Each of these techniques takes a bit of practice. Practice, whether in your backyard or the neighborhood park, will make casting second nature, if you give it some time.
How to Cast Spinning Reels: Steps
Spin casting is an ideal fishing method for beginning anglers. Spin-casting equipment is easier to use than bait casting. You can use it to cast both light and heavy lures without tangling or breaking your fishing line. Basic equipment includes a 7-foot rod, a spinning reel and 6 to 10 pound test line for casting 1/16 to 3/4 ounce lures. You can use an open-face, closed-face or spin-cast reel for spin casting.
- Hold the rod at about waist level, grasping it so that the reel is below the rod, and the stem of the reel feels natural between your fingers. The bait or lure should be hanging 10-18 inches below the end of the rod.
- Hook the line with your forefinger, and open the bail, continuing to hold the line.
- Pull the rod tip back so the tip sweeps over your dominant shoulder, and then bring it forward swiftly pointing the rod tip at your target. As the rod comes forward of your shoulder release the line with your finger so the weight of the lure pulls line off the reel.
- Close the bail with your hand, and you’re ready to reel using a retrieve technique.
How to Cast with Baitcaster Reels: Steps
Bait casting is a style of fishing that relies on the weight of the lure to extend the line into the target area. Bait casting involves a revolving-spool fishing reel or "free spool" mounted on the topside of the rod. Bait casting is definitely an acquired skill. Once you get the hang of the technique you will be casting your lures right on target into the structures where fish are feeding and hanging out.
- Begin by holding the rod about waist level, grasping it so that the reel is above the rod, and your thumb falls naturally on the bottom of the spool. The bait or lure should be hanging 8-10 inches below the tip of the rod.
- Push the button to put the reel in free spool while holding your thumb against the spool to prevent it from unwinding.
- Pull the rod back so the tip sweeps over your dominant shoulder, and then bring it forward swiftly, pointing the rod tip at your target.
- As the rod comes forward over your shoulder let your thumb off the spool so the lure can pull line from the reel.
- Place your thumb back down on the spool as the lure splashes into the water.
- Reel once or twice to engage the anti-reverse and you’re ready to fish.
Now that you know how to cast, learn how to reel in a fish in our next section.