How to identify a Smallmouth Buffalo
This species resembles its large relative, the bigmouth buffalo (largest of the sucker family), closely in most respects, but can be distinguished by a number of factors. It is generally lighter in color than other buffalos, having an olive-bronze cast. The body of the smallmouth buffalo is also somewhat more compressed with a higher arch in the back, and its small, subterminal mouth is horizontally orientated instead of slanted like the mouth of the bigmouth buffalo. However, when feeding, the smallmouth buffalo’s mouth protracts downward in typical sucker-like fashion.
Where to catch Smallmouth Buffalo
The smallmouth buffalo is the second in size in the sucker family and is found in the Lake Eerie, Ohio, and Mississippi drainages from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. The smallmouth buffalo has also been introduced very successfully into Arizona and California. The following list includes additional details on where to catch this fish: